Family Planning as a Poverty Reduction Strategy: Evidence and Barriers to Utilization
- Author Alberto Gabriel Ndekwa
- Co-Author Mkanibwa Ngoboka, Hadija Matimbwa, William Ayub Mng’ong’ose
- Country : Tanzania
- Subject : Economics
Family planning has been evidenced as a feasible strategy in response to overwhelming population growths, high maternal mortality rates and consequently reduces poverty, thus; this study sought to determine the influence of family planning on poverty reduction and establish challenges to implementing the same. Data was collected in Iringa District of Tanzania where a sample of 123 respondents filled in a survey questionnaire from a population of simple randomly selected intimate partners that were sexually active. Secondary data was used in obtaining evidence from field findings.
Using Simple regression methods, findings prove that family planning has a significant influence on poverty reduction in Tanzania with a p-value of 0.000. Additionally, descriptive mean findings indicate that efforts to have male children, cultural norms, side effects, religious values, poor communication between spouses and limited family planning awareness are some of the major hindrances to the utilization of family planning methods. This study concludes as per findings that family planning is an effective strategy for poverty reduction. It was thus recommended as per findings that; in order to ensure that the goal of family planning for poverty reduction is achieved in Tanzania, the government and particularly the health sector should increase citizen’s level of family planning awareness in an effort to remove barriers like cultural norms, perceptions regarding side effects, religious values and poor communication between spouses.