Impact of RTE Act on Girl Child Education (KGBV)
- Country : India
- Subject : Education
Under Right to Education Act (RTE), the government provides Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidayalyas (KGBV) which are residential schools in educationally backward blocks at upper primary level for girls belonging predominantly to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Class and minority communities. According to the MHRD (2011), KGBVs are set up in educationally backward blocks, where the female rural literacy is below the national average (i.e. below 46.13% as per Census 2001) and gender gap in literacy is above the national average of 21.67%. This paper explores the conditions of KGBVs, the impact of RTE on girl enrolment and retention. The author explores the challenges and opportunities faced by girls, hindrances in their education and the impact of RTE in providing access of education to them. Overall, the paper explores the dimensions of gender, equity and quality under RTE and suggests measures to be taken up at policy level itself.