Urban Population Growth in the Municipalities of North 24 Parganas: A Spatio-Temporal Analysis
- Author Mashihur Rahaman
- Country : India
- Subject : Geography
The rapid growth of urban population causes various problems in urban centres like increased unemployment, economic instability, lacks of urban facilities, unhygienic environmental conditions etc. People were well aware about the importance of population studies from very beginning. Explosively growing of urban population has attracted the attention of urban geographers and town planners. For country like India, it is very important to study the decadal variation of population growth, it helps in realizing problems. The population growth and socio-economic changes are closely related to each other. In present study North 24 Parana’s has been chosen as study area. The level of urbanization remained high in the district (57.6 % in 2011). Rapid increase in urbanization can be attributed to growth of Kolkata metropolis.Barasat is now within greater Kolkata (Kolkata 124).From 1991 onwards the real estate business in this district thrived and projects were taken which are more of residential type than business type. The aim of the present paper is to investigate the change in urban population growth rate of municipality wise during the three decades 1981-91, 1991-2001 and 2001-2011. Due to push-pull factors the rural-urban migration is causing the process of urbanization. On micro level municipalities are eyes of birds of people due to vast avenues of employment and urban facilities. For this reason the population of municipalities are changing. This spatio-temporal analysis has verified the stage of population stabilization in the municipalities of North 24 Parganas.