Opportunity for developing Vietnamese shipping

Thieu Sang Ha

Opportunity for developing Vietnamese shipping

  • Author Thieu Sang Ha
  • Co-Author Thanh Nam Dang, Phuoc Quy Phong Nguyen
Keywords : history, development, ocean shipping, maritime


Abstract

According to a report of the Vietnam Maritime Administration, by the end of 2018, Vietnam's fleet had 1,593 ships (of which the freight train was 1,128) with a total capacity of 4.8 million GT and a total tonnage of about 7, 8 million DWT. Statistics of the United Nations Trade and Development Forum (UNCTAD) show that in 2018, the Vietnamese fleet ranked 4th in the ASEAN region (after Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia) and the 30th in the world. The total number of general cargo ships is 819, accounting for over 72.6%; bulk ships have 99 ships, accounting for 8.7%; oil tankers (166 ships) and specialized liquefied petroleum gas (150 ships) accounting for 14.4%; container fleet has 41 vessels, accounting for 3.6%. The average age of Vietnamese fleet is 14.7 years, down 0.2 years compared to 2017 and 6.1 years younger than the world (according to UNCTAD data, the average age of the world ship is 20.8). The vessels with the youngest average age are 14.2-year-old general cargo ships, while the highest average age is the 22.9-year-old liquefied gas vessels. In 2018, the total transport volume carried out by the Vietnamese fleet was estimated at 144.6 million tons, the volume of transported goods increased by 10.9% compared to 2017, accounting for 55.6% of the total cargo volume. Rotation of all modes of transport. The Vietnamese fleet currently handles nearly 100% of inland freight by sea, except for a number of specialized vessels ... The inland freight mainly consists of household goods, food, coal, building materials, equipment, containers, petroleum, general goods.

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