Solutions for inland waterway transportation development in Vietnam
- Author Phuoc Quy Phong Nguyen
- Co-Author Manh Hung Nguyen
- Country : Vietnam
- Subject : Transport
According to the Vietnam Inland Water Administration, water transport is the cheapest mode of transportation, environmental protection, safety, high volume transportation, super-weight cargo, ensuring sustainable development, increasing competition. Nation. Meanwhile, Vietnam's waterway transport system is widely developed with dense river density, ranking the fourth in the world with 3200 km of coastline and 240 river mouths into the sea. In the period 2010-2016, the market share of freight transport of inland waterways accounted for 17-19% of the entire industry, and the passenger transport market share accounted for 4-6% of the whole industry. By the end of October 2017, the whole country had 271 ports, including 258 cargo ports and 13 passenger ports. Currently, there are only 02 ports connected to the railway, namely Viet Tri Port and Ninh Phuc Port, but they have not been exploited. The country has 10,772 inland wharves, including more than 8,000 candle loading and unloading goods, more than 2,500 river wharves. The number of registered inland waterway vehicles (as of November 2017) is 252,000, accounting for over 53%; the total number of diplomas and certificates granted is 376,217 units, accounting for 41%. Despite the great potential, the volume of goods transport by inland waterways is still low, not promoting the advantages of the industry; infrastructure connected to ports and ports is not synchronized; old and outdated waterway transport means, used for many years; the investment capital for inland waterways is still low and the competitiveness of shipping enterprises is still weak.