Characteristics and Problems Related to Rural Water Utilization in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka
- Country : Sri Lanka
- Subject : Geography
Water is the driving force of all life and nature. People can survive without food for few days but not without water. Even though our planet; Earth is covered with water, only a little amount of fresh water is available for the animals and other entities of the nature. Water scarcity is a major issue that is facing by the people living in the world. The main objective of this research is to identify the characteristics and problems related to rural water utilization in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Two study areas were selected from the dry zone of Sri Lanka by considering the scarcity of water resources in those particular areas. Accordingly, more than 15 respondents were interviewed in Puttalam District during the rapid survey while 15 households were selected from Anuradhapura District for the field study. Primary sources such as observation, questionnaires, unstructured interviews and measuring method and secondary sources such as relevant books, reports, articles from the internet, maps and photographs were referred. The findings of the study indicated that the temporal and spatial variation in the rainfall pattern is the main factor leading to the scarceness of water. Problems related to rain water harvesting system, alkalinity of water, poverty and chronic kidney diseases were also identified as other issues and obstacles faced by the people living in the dry zone of Sri Lanka.