Assessment of Kyphotic Index in School Going Children Using Flexicurve
- Country : India
- Subject : Electrotherapy and Electrodiagnosis
The present study aimed at assessing Kyphotic Index in school going children using flexicuve and correlating the same with weight of bag, BMI, flexibility, endurance.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was performed in 3 schools from SSC board in Mumbai. The sample included 1606 students ranging in age from 6 to 15 years from class 1 until class 10.
Flexicurve was used to measure the kyphotic index. Kyphotic Index was calculated using the formula [(width/length)*100]. Weight of school bags was measured using a standardised weighing scale and the dimensions (length and breadth) of school bag were taken using measuring tape. Flexibility and endurance of the child was assessed and graded. Factors that could affect kyphotic index like weight of the school bag carried, BMI, flexibility of shoulder and spine, mobility of lumbar spine abdominal endurance and classroom ergonomics were assessed and correlated.
Result: The normative range for kyphotic index boys in age group 6 to 8 years - 7.73 to 12.13, in age group 8 to 10 years -8.57 to 11.52, in age group 10 to 12 years -8.26 to 11.72, in the age group 12 to 14 years - 8.58 to 12.29, in the age group 14 to 16 years -9.23 to 12.43. Similarly, the normative range for kyphotic index female in age group 6 to 8 years- 7.79 to 12.13, in age group 8 to 10 years -8.71 to 11.27, in age group 10 to 12 years - 8.26to 11.80, in the age group 12 to 14 years-8.56 to 11.90, in the age group 14 to 16 years -8.77 to 11.96. Very poor correlation was obtained between the various factors and range of kyphotic index of the thoracic spine in both male and female children.
Conclusion: The normal ranges showed gender and age variations in school children; and thoracic kyphotic index has very poor association with factors such as BMI, flexibility, abdominal endurance and bag weight.