Injury Pattern of Road Traffic Accident Cases Attending At Trauma Centre BHU: (A Study from North India)

Imran Ahmad

Injury Pattern of Road Traffic Accident Cases Attending At Trauma Centre BHU: (A Study from North India)

Keywords : Road traffic accident, Road traffic injury, Prevalence, Head injury, Helmet etc


Background: Accidents not occur only due to ignorance, but are due to carelessness, thoughtlessness and overconfidence. As well as being a public health problem, road traffic injuries are a development issue, low and middle-income countries lose approximately 3% of GDP as a result of road traffic crashes. According to the WHO road traffic accidents, injuries are the sixth leading cause of death in India with a greater share of hospitalization, death, disabilities and socio-economic losses in the young and middle age population. According to an estimate of the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India, 195000 adolescents killed every year in traffic accidents, 60% are boys. In 2011, for every 3.7 minute and every minute, one death and one injury took place in India from road accidents.

Objective: To know the prevalence & injury pattern among the road traffic accident cases.

Materials and Methods: Study Design: Retrospective study, Study Setting: Trauma Centre & Super specialty Hospital, BHU- Medical Record Department, And Study Period: Data collected over 6-month period (January 2016 to end of June 2016), Tools: Medical records of 500 cases admitted due to road traffic accidents were analyzed. A detailed preform was used to collect data on the socio-demographic profile of the victims, type of injury, treatment received, outcome and details of circumstances leading to accidents, Statistical Analysis: Interpretation of the collected data was done by using appropriate descriptive statistical methods Result: There were 76% male and 24% female accident victims. Farmers & Laborers were the highest (22%) among the victims. The highest number of accidents took place in the month of January (40%) and on Sundays (22%). The road traffic accidents victims were mostly (58%) in the age group (20-40) years. Among the motorized vehicles, two-wheeler drivers were more (86%) involved in accidents. Head injury was the highest (52%) among road traffic crashes victims. Among the two-wheeler occupants, head injury was highest (56%) followed by lower limb (17%).


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