Characteristics of the seaport system in Vietnam

Minh Thai Vu

Characteristics of the seaport system in Vietnam

Keywords : seaport, connectivity, port system


With a number of 320 ports of all kinds, Vietnam's seaport system is absolutely not lacking in capacity, but the current major problem of Vietnam's port industry is a very fragmented market. In many places there is a situation where local governments and private enterprises compete with other partners in the same area in an area to build and finance the construction of ports. Currently Vietnam has about 800 - 900 businesses doing logistics services, but most of them only have capital from 1 to 1.5 billion. Therefore, logistics enterprises in Vietnam are mainly agents for large foreign transnational companies. Many Vietnamese ports and containerships are only serving as transshipment ports for international ports in Southeast Asia such as Singapore, even with Thailand, although the design capacity is in theory "responsive" transport ships with design tonnage "not inferior" to the other ports. Along with the process of international economic integration, the volume of goods transshipped through Vietnamese ports has increased by 10% / year. However, poorly equipped port facilities and inland transportation systems have hindered the increase in port clearance capacity and increased logistics costs. Clearance goods at the Vietnamese seaport system increased rapidly from 49 million tons in 1997 to 196.6 million tons in 2008 and 254 million tons in 2010. Of which, nearly 69.2% of the volume in 2008 was abroad goods, 21.8% was domestic, 9% was in transit. This impressive growth reflects the high economic growth that Vietnam has achieved since the implementation of the renovation.


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