Maritime safety as a core issue to promote the development in international transport
- Country : Vietnam
- Subject : Transport
Currently Southeast Asia includes many important waters and large marine ecosystems such as the Strait of Malacca, East Sea, Gulf of Thailand, Sulu Sea and Sulawesi Sea. Not only serving as important transport hubs, these seas are a rich marine environment of marine species and plants, with biodiversity, economic and environmental potential of the area. However, maritime safety and marine environment in the region are facing many risks such as environmental pollution due to incidents of collision, discharge, oil spill from ships, reserves and quality of fish decline due to methods of artisanal fishing, illegal fishing, and natural disasters happening continuously. In addition, the existence of territorial and territorial sovereignty disputes makes it more difficult to manage and enforce maritime safety and marine environment management. All of these issues require increased cooperation between countries in and outside the region to ensure maritime security and thereby contribute to creating a stable environment for developing economies in Southeast Asia. Scholars consider the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea to be the most important legal framework for the rights and obligations of coastal states, flag states and port states. . In addition to the Convention on the Law of the Sea, international conventions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) also play a particularly important role, including the conventions on maritime safety and the Convention on Search, the Convention on Maritime Terrorism, the Convention on the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, the Convention on Civil Liability. In addition to international frameworks, countries in Southeast Asia have also begun to establish cooperation frameworks in the field of maritime safety and environmental protection such as the Tokyo Memorandum on the control of nations. ports, ReCAAP Agreement on anti-piracy and armed robbery for ships in Asia, Cooperation program for marine environmental protection within the framework of the United Nations, Triangle Triangle Initiative coral, Partnership in environmental management in the seas in East Asia (PEMSEA), Maritime Forum of Southeast Asia.