Socio Economic Differentials and Health Care Services Utilization in Calabar Metropolis, Cross River State, Nigeria
- Country : Nigeria
- Subject : Sociology
With global demand for health care services utilization, the socio-economic positions or differentials of individuals sometimes debar the individuals from effective utilization as well as reduction in level of health seeking behaviour. This study examines socio-economic status of people in Calabar Metropolis as it affects their utilization of health care services. It examines whether educational attainment, occupation, income, marital status, poverty as well as cultural factors were predisposing factors for effective or poor utilization of health services among the people of Calabar Metropolis. Three objectives were formulated for the study. Relevant literatures to the phenomenon were reviewed as well as theoretical orientations considered as framework for the study. The methodology for this study adopted as cross-sectional survey design using a sample size of 200 subjects randomly selected. A major finding of this study was that there is a relationship between people’s educational attainment and utilization of health care services. Based on these findings, it was recommended that there should be a general improvement in the socio-economic status of people in areas of availability and compulsory education, from primary, secondary and tertiary institutions, employment opportunities, as well as equitable distribution of income and reduction in high cost of medicare for effective and equal utilization of health care services in the study area.