Prevalence of PCOS Among Adolescent Girls Attending Secondary Care Hospital in Portblair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
- Author Kasturi. R. Nath
- Co-Author Vipin Kumar Nair, Jossy John
- DOI 10.17605/O
- Country : India
- Subject : Community Medicine
Background - PCOS is the most common endocrinological disorder among women of reproductive age group. There is no complete cure of PCOS but early diagnosis and treatment can control the symptoms, it lowers the risk of infertility, miscarriages, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The objectives of this study is to find out the prevalence of PCOS among adolescent girls coming to the OBG OPD in a secondary care hospital and to find out the risk factors associated with PCOS.
Methods -This cross-sectional study was carried out from March 2019 to June 2019 among 120 adolescent girls aged 15-24 years attending outpatient department of secondary care hospital in Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Convenient sampling technique was used for the selection of samples. The patients attending the outpatient department, who met the inclusion criteria evaluated.
Results - A total of 120 girls aged from 13-22 were included in the study with the mean age of 17.94 ± 2.578 with the range of 13 to 22 years According to Rotterdam criteria 44 (36.7%) have oligo/anovulation and 25 (20.8%) have excess androgen activity. 29 (24.2%) have polycystic ovaries. (Figure 1) The overall prevalence of PCOS in the study population according to Rotterdam criteria were 16 (13.3%). BMI ≥25 (P value <0.05) and waist hip ratio ≥0.85 (P value <0.05) were strongly associated with the presence of PCOS.
Conclusion- The diagnosis of PCOS always remains a challenge for heal the care providers. The lack of awareness and ignorance to their particular condition always remains high. Life style modification for weight reduction and dietary modification and psychological counselling plays an important role in order to prevent long term complications.
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