Groin Injuries in Footballers and Its Physiotherapy Management
- Country : India
- Subject : physiotherapy
Background: Pain in the pubic, lower abdominal, or adductor region is referred to as groin pain and can be unilateral, bilateral, or both. Injuries in the groin area as well as pain over the groin area are quite common in footballers and ice hockey players which includes both men and women athletes. The very recognised reason of hip and groin accidents are muscle lines, different reasons can be like sports activities hernia, labral tears osteitis pubis, dislocation of hip, bursitis, snapping hip syndrome. An excessive running loads, sprinting, abrupt direction changes, and kicking are often regarded as potent groin injury mechanism.
Method: databases search included were PubMed, Google Scholar studies also published as of July 2022 and also using college library. Full text articles along with articles of English abstract which have been published up to 2022 were included. Data about patient characteristics, diagnostic procedures, treatment procedures and their outcome measures were contemplated.
Results: In total 14 articles were included. Management in aspect of physiotherapy include stretching manoeuvres, strengthening manoeuvres, adductor strengthening mainly. Endurance and high intensity training to improve the strength of the muscles showcase a positive outcome to avoid and improve groin injuries. Groin pain and injuries are mostly seen in footballers but it can also be seen in other athletes as well as people having pathological conditions which involves pelvis.
Conclusion: In our study we conclude that groin injuries can be minimized and can be prevented by physiotherapy management and players can get back to their quality of performance by using intensive training in order to strengthen their adductor group of muscles followed by appropriate stretching initiated by RICE protocol (rest, ice, compression and elevation).